4 Most Precious Diamonds in the World
While all diamonds share the same origin—the Earth’s mantle—that doesn’t mean they’re all created equal. These gemstones are subjected to immense heat and pressure, and the entire process of formation can take anywhere between 1 and 3 billion years.
The value of a diamond depends on its color, clarity, cut and carat—the 4Cs. Let’s discuss each one.
Carat — this is the weight of the stone, which is measured on a calibrated scale.
Clarity — completely clear and pure diamonds are very rare. Diamonds usually have some impurities or inclusions. The fewer impurities in a stone, the more valuable it is.
Color — fancy colored diamonds are rarer than colorless ones, which makes them more expensive and valuable.
Cut — the cut refers to the quality of the grinding work done on a diamond. This component determines the way light interacts with the stone, which results in its sparkle and shine.
The 4 Most Precious Diamonds in the World
Now that we know what makes a diamond valuable, let’s discuss the most precious diamonds in the world today.
The Koh-I-Noor is an oval diamond which was mined in India in the 1300s. The stone is surrounded by controversy; Britain was accused of stealing the stone from India in the 1850s. Whatever the case, though, the sparkle and brilliance of the stone are attributed to the quality of the cutwork done by Prince Albert.
One of the largest and the most precious diamonds in the world is the Cullinan. It was found in 1905 in South Africa and was later presented as a gift to King Edward VII. The value of the Cullinan is $2 billion.
The Hope Diamond
This is a dark gray-blue, almost black diamond that was brought by King Louis XIV from India to Britain in 1668. The estimated value of the Hope Diamond is around $200 to $250 million.
The Centenary Diamond
The centenary diamond was first a rough diamond which weighed approximately 500 carat. It was then given a heart-shape cut which improved its color and clarity. The value of this stone is about $100 million.
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